How did England change from an Agricultural country to an Industrial one?( 17th century to 19th century)


how did england change from agricultural country to Industrial one

Agriculture was the main source of food for England before the industrial revolution. However, after the 15th century, the population began to increase rapidly. In order to meet the needs of the growing population, the food production system needed to change. Agrarian reforms such as the Enclosure Movement or the Norfolk Crop Rotation were in place before the industrial revolution. These changes involved separating land and developing different sections for different crops. This resulted in a decrease in the amount used for agriculture and a reduction of irrigation water. During the Industrial Revolution, power-driven machines replaced manual labor, which was particularly difficult during the agrarian age.

The rural lifestyle was also affected by the industrial revolution. The rapid growth of the British countryside was due to the development of new technologies and factories. These innovations enabled the population to surpass its highs and maintain its industrial dominance. Between 1770 and 1870, Britain saw its total agricultural output double, its average yield per worker increase by nearly three times, and the number working in factories increased from three hundred to more than half of the workforce. Similar increases were seen in other Western European countries’ urban populations. The shift from farming to factory work was not without its advantages.


The transition from organic agriculture to energy-intensive farming was accompanied by a rise in population, but also by the rapid expansion of cottage industries. These cottage industries were a major catalyst for the Industrial Revolution and helped to boost the English economy. The new manufacturing system was low-cost and high-quality. In order to work in factories, farmers and their families would have to move from the country. Nevertheless, the new industrial revolution also helped a rural population increase their income.

The Agricultural Revolution was a great benefit to England. It led to a rise in population and helped the country become industrial. It also helped the country become more productive. Industrialization had a positive effect on the economy by the end of the nineteenth-century, when the country was more industrialized. During the period of the Agricultural Revolution, there was an increase in productivity, as the agrarian sector was able to produce more food than the rest of the world combined.

During the Industrial Revolution, the English farmer began to use more machinery. Increasing the efficiency of agricultural processes would lead to higher output. In the 1820s, the process of enclosing land was the last major step. This led to an increase in the number of people. Britain’s agricultural industry saw a 2.7-fold increase in productivity. The main driver of economic development was also the increase in output per worker.

In the 17th century, trade and manufacturing expanded. This was largely due to the Agricultural Revolution, which involved increasing productivity in the agricultural sector. Because it created a lot of jobs, the revolution was a huge success for the British people. The growth of the Industrial revolution made them richer and more prosperous. In the middle of the 17th century, the nation began to industrialize.

During the industrial revolution, the British population grew from a small, rural country to a large industrial country. Despite rapid population growth, the British continued to rely on their own resources for food. The British shared a common field system that allowed them to graze their animals and cut turf to heat their homes. These practices resulted in many changes in the economic structure of the world.

The country’s population grew thanks to the Agricultural Revolution. The Agricultural Revolution was also responsible for the creation of new factory systems. These factories were large buildings with thousands of workers. England’s agricultural production was one of the most productive in Europe by the 17th century. The 19th century saw an increase in agricultural productivity that was 2.7 times greater than the average continental level. Britain was the most industrialized nation in the world at the beginning of the 20th century. Its yields were up to 80% more than the continental average.


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